Practical Web Browser Fuzzing

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Web Browsers are one of the most used and critical software in the world. Using millions of lines of code, they are in charge of handling, sanitizing, and interpreting all kinds of (untrusted) data coming from the web. To be honest, It’s just impossible for developers to write such complex pieces of software (involving compilers, interpreters, and parsing libraries) without introducing any bugs.

As shown in the last years, Fuzz testing is by far the most efficient and scalable testing technique to find software bugs. In this training, we will apply fuzzing to find critical vulnerabilities in different web browser implementations.

First, this course will give you all the prerequisites to understand the architecture and major components of modern web browsers. Then, you will create and set up a testing environment allowing you to easily replay, debug, minimize and analyze existing issues, CVEs, and PoCs. Over dedicated modules, you will discover and fuzz the main browser components such as DOM, JS engines, JIT compilers, WebAssembly, IPC. You will learn how to use famous tools (Domato, Dharma, Fuzzilli, Frida) and create your custom fuzzers to apply different fuzzing techniques (coverage-guided, grammar-based, in-process fuzzing) to find vulnerabilities/bugs.

A lot of hands-on exercises will allow you to internalize concepts and techniques taught in class. This course will mainly focus on Google Chrome, Firefox, and WebKit/JSC.

COURSE OUTLINE

Module 1: Introduction to Browser Fuzzing

  • Introduction to Fuzzing
  • Modern Browser Architecture & major Components
  • Setting up a Testing and Debugging environment
  • Compile and Explore famous browser codebases
  • Fuzzing Web Browsers Fundamentals
  • Improving your Fuzzing Workflow & Automation

Module 2: Fuzzing DOM & Rendering engines

  • Introduction to the Rendering engine
  • HTML/CSS/XML Parsing
  • Analysis of existing CVEs, Issues, and PoCs
  • Blink, Gecko & WebKit Fuzzing
  • DOM rendering & Implementation
  • Fuzzing DOM using Grammar-based Fuzzing

Module 3: Fuzzing JavaScript Engines & JIT Compilers

  • JavaScript Engine Internals & APIs
  • Memory management and Garbage collection
  • Analysis of existing CVEs, Issues, and PoCs
  • V8, Spidermonkey & JavaScriptCore Fuzzing
  • JIT compilers Internals
  • TurboFan and IonMonkey Fuzzing

Module 4: Fuzzing WebAssembly Compilers & APIs

  • Introduction to WebAssembly
  • VM Architecture & Implementation
  • Analysis of existing CVEs, Issues, and PoCs
  • Fuzzing WebAssembly JavaScript APIs
  • WebAssembly compilers internals
  • WebAssembly In-process Fuzzing

Module 5: Fuzzing IPC and other Components

  • Inter-Process Communication (IPC) Internals
  • Analysis of existing CVEs, Issues, and PoCs
  • Fuzzing Chrome Mojo/Legacy IPC
  • Discovery of other Components Implementation
  • Networking/Data Persistence APIs
  • Fuzzing Media and other Plugins

KEY LEARNING OBJECTIVES

CLASS REQUIREMENTS

Prerequisites:

  • Familiarity with scripting (Python, Bash) and Linux.
  • Familiarity with C/C++ and JavaScript.
  • SKILL LEVEL: BEGINNER / INTERMEDIATE

Laptop Requirements:

  • A working laptop capable of running virtual machines
  • 8GB RAM required, at a minimum
  • 80 GB free Hard disk space
  • VirtualBox
  • Administrator/root access MANDATORY

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